The rules have changed in vocational training courses and on-the-job training programs organized by the Turkish Employment Agency. While the obligation to employ at least 70% of the people who will participate in the course and training program has been introduced, the period of compulsory employment has also been lengthened. The short stories of Ahmet Kıvanç from Habertürk
The Turkish Employment Agency (İŞKUR) organizes vocational training courses and on-the-job training programs to meet the needs of companies for qualified personnel and to enable young people and unemployed people who will take a new step in professional life to practice a profession by learning on the job. There were allegations of abuse that the courses and programs in question were seen as cheap job opportunities by some companies. To this end, İŞKUR has made significant changes to the Active Labor Regulations.
Staffing requirements for workplaces that will run vocational training courses and on-the-job training programs have been increased from 2 to 5 people. The requirement to employ at least 50% of course and program participants has been increased to 70%. Employment periods have also been lengthened.
QUOTA PER NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES
Courses can be organized with public and private educational establishments affiliated with the Ministry of National Education, universities, private sector companies, public establishments and bodies, professional organizations having the character of public establishments, unions of workers, employers and merchants, provided that they are in conformity with the objectives of the establishment.
A minimum of 70% employment commitment will be given in all courses. Private sector companies will be able to benefit from the courses if they have at least 5 insured employees. For establishments with 5 to 9 insured employees, the maximum number of trainees will be 12. 24 workplaces with insured numbers between 10 and 49; Workplaces with 50 or more workers will be able to organize courses with trainees up to 50% of the total number of workers.
Trainees or their replacements will be employed for at least three times the actual course day, not less than 120 days. Previously, there was an obligation to employ twice the duration of the course.
THOSE WHO WILL BE EMPLOYED WITH THREE TIMES THE DURATION OF THE ON THE JOB PROGRAM
On-the-job training programs will only be organized in trades that will allow participants to gain work experience. Programs cannot be arranged for professions included in the group of professions that do not require qualifications in the Turkish Dictionary of Professions.
The minimum number of insured employees sought in the company that will organize on-the-job training has been increased from 2 to 5. At least 70% employment commitment will be given in all on-the-job training programs . The minimum period of employment, which was twice the length of the program, has been tripled.
Companies will be able to organize an on-the-job training program for workers at 30% of the average number of workers they have employed in the last 6 months.
The duration of the program will be determined by İŞKUR General Management based on the sector, profession or workplace.
With the change made, the 3 months salary of course or program participants will be covered by İŞKUR, while the employer will employ them for at least 9 months.
POSSIBLE TO TAKE MORE THAN COURSES OR PROGRAMS
Those who want to learn a trade will be able to take courses or programs twice. However, the total number cannot exceed 3. A waiting period of nine months will apply to those who have already completed a course or program, excluding employee vocational training.
MONEY FROM PARTICIPANTS IS PAID
Those taking vocational training courses are paid 65.44 TL per day, 106.34 TL per day for those taking courses in the industrial sector and 114.51 TL per day for those taking industrial technician courses. aircraft maintenance.
Participants in the on-the-job training program are paid TL 163.59 per day for job seekers, TL 122.69 for students and TL 81.80 for those receiving unemployment benefits. Those who participate in the on-the-job training programs organized in the professions of the future receive 179.95 TL pocket money per day.
DON’T FORGET BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL ADVISORS
Employment and vocational training counselors play an important role in the success of active manpower programs organized by İŞKUR to enable unemployed people to have a job and to meet the employer’s labor needs. qualified work. Unemployed students looking for a job, a company looking for an employee, vocational guidance and students wishing to choose a profession turn to employment and vocational guidance counsellors. They literally work at the center of the labor market.
For the first time, 3000 employment and vocational training consultants were recruited in İŞKUR on a contract basis in 2012. A year later, they were told: “You can join the team if you wish”. About 2,800 people out of three thousand were recruited, but their salaries fell by a third for staff.
Currently, a total of 4800 job counselors and professionals are working in İŞKUR. It is on the agenda to give new staff for those who will start with a contract later. They will only be able to compensate for the loss of income they will suffer by becoming staff after 9 years of permanent employment.
There are provincial personnel specialized in employment which are listed in the İŞKUR law but are never used. Provincial employment expertise, in a sense, means the career profession of the provincial organization İŞKUR. At the Ministry of Treasury and Finance, as was done previously for expertise in revenue management in the provincial organization, the opportunity to move from employment and profession consultant to provincial employment specialist with better personal rights can be offered with the professional competition exam in İŞKUR.
Measures can also be taken for more effective use of business and professional experts. These experts, who act as a bridge between the state and businesses, currently only inform businesses about İŞKUR’s incentives and programs. They may also be responsible for explaining to companies the taxes, bonuses and other investment incentives that fall under the responsibility of these institutions by coordinating with other institutions, including the Ministry of Treasury and Finance, the Institution Social Security and KOSGEB. Thus, the support service that companies so badly need is provided.