Last Minute: Double Standard in SGK Allocations

SSK, BAĞ-KUR and Pension Fund were united under one roof in 2006. Law No. 5510 on Social Insurance and General Health Insurance was enacted in the same year to ensure unity of standards and standards between social security institutions. The differences between the statutes became more complex with the amendments made in 2008 after the Constitutional Court annulled the provisions of the law relating to the Pension Fund. The lack of unity of norms and standards also makes it difficult for citizens to respect their rights. Recipients of marriage, funeral and breastfeeding allowances depend on the status to which they are subject and the start of civil servants’ insurance before and after 2008.

WHO GRANTS THE FUNERAL ALLOWANCE?

The Social Security Institution (SGK) pays a funeral allowance to the heirs of the deceased insured person. The funeral allowance, which was 918 TL in 2021, has been increased to 1,250 TL this year. Funeral allowance is given to persons with 4/1-a (SSK), 4/1-b (BAĞ-KUR) and 4/1-c (civil servant) status.

The funeral allowance is paid to the heirs of those who have lost their lives as a result of an accident at work or an occupational disease, or who died while receiving a pension for invalidity, incapacity for work or old age. In the event of the death of those who have at least 360 days of insured work, the beneficiaries are paid.

The allowance is paid to the spouse of the deceased insured person. If he has no wife, his children are paid, if he has no children, his parents are paid, and if his parents are not, his brothers and sisters are paid. If the deceased is an orphan, it is paid to the natural or legal persons who arrange the funeral.

In some public institutions, the funeral expenses of deceased public officials are covered by the institution’s budget. For those whose funeral expenses are covered by the institution’s budget, SGK also does not pay a funeral allowance.

AID FOR THE DEATH OF STAFF SUBJECT TO THE PENSION FUND

Those who started working in the public sector before October 2008 are subject to the Pension Fund. The death benefit is paid in the event of the death of those still in office or of their spouses and children. The death benefit is paid twice the minimum civil service salary in the event of the death of the civil servant and the lowest civil service salary in the event of the death of his relatives. Accordingly, for civil servants subject to the Pension Fund who died during the period January-July 2022, death benefits of 4 thousand 473.46 TL and 2 thousand 236.73 TL are paid to beneficiaries in the event of death of their spouse and child. In July, these amounts will increase according to the salary coefficient of civil servants.

In the event of the death of current retired civil servants subject to the Pension Fund and those who will retire in the future, a death benefit of TL 4,000,473.46 will be paid to their relatives. However, if the retiree’s pension, excluding service, representation or service allowance, is greater than the death benefit, the monthly amount is paid.

ASSISTED DEATH FOR THOSE WHO STARTED AFTER OCTOBER 2008

In the event of the death of public officials, who started working in the public sector for the first time after October 2008, or of their spouses and dependent children during the performance of their duties, death benefits are paid as for civil servants subject to the Pension Fund. However, in the event of the death of these individuals after retirement, the death benefit will not be paid. Only people with status 4/1-a (SSK) and 4/1-b (BAĞ-KUR) will receive funeral allowance.

THE BREASTFEEDING BENEFIT IS PROVIDED TO 4/1-A AND 4/1-B

Breastfeeding allowance is paid to the insured person whose uninsured spouse has given birth. Breastfeeding allowance, which was 232 TL last year, has been increased to 316 TL this year. It is increased by the rate of change in the consumer price index (CPI) once a year.

The one-time breastfeeding allowance is granted only to employees of status 4/1-a (SSK) and 4/1-b (BAĞ-KUR). Since public employees receive assistance in the amount of 115 TL for children under 6 years old and 57 TL for children over 6 years old, no additional breastfeeding allowance is granted.

FORMER NEW OFFICER DISCRIMINATION IN MARRIAGE BENEFITS

After October 2008, the difference in marriage allowance was largely resolved, but the distinction between old and new civil servants remains. Girls who receive an orphan’s pension are separated when they marry. A 24-month orphan’s pension is granted to daughters as a marriage allowance, at their request. If this person is divorced within two years, the orphan’s pension is not paid again before the expiry of the 24-month period. The increase in the pensions of those who receive other widow’s or orphan’s pensions due to the fact that their daughters receive marriage allowances takes place after the end of the 2-year period.

Marriage allowance was made equal in terms of persons of SSK, BAĞ-KUR and 4/1-c status. The different practices between civil servants who started working in the public sector for the first time after October 2008 and those who work in 4/1-a and 4/1-b status have come to an end.

However, not only daughters but also mothers and wives of those who started their civil service before October 2008 can benefit from the marriage allowance. In return, they can receive a survivor’s pension of 12 months, not 24 months.

On the other hand, the wife and the mother, who have benefited from a survivor’s pension, cannot receive a marriage allowance due to those who have seniority greater than 5 years and less than 10 years, subject to the Pension Fund . The girl can receive an orphan’s pension for 24 months alongside the regulations in 2008.




Leave a Comment