Ahmet Kıvanç wrote… Who can get unemployment benefits?

To be entitled to unemployment benefits, the worker must have at least 600 premium days in the last 3 years and have worked with a service contract for the last 120 days. However, not everyone who meets these conditions can receive unemployment benefits. In addition to this, an important condition for receiving an allowance is that the employee must not have his own will or fault in the termination of the employment contract.

The employer makes the declarations of the workers who leave the job to the Social Security Institution according to the codes determined by the SSI. The SGK has determined the codes in question in accordance with the Labor Law, the Press Labor Law, the Maritime Labor Law and the Code of Obligations. Based on these codes, the Turkish Employment Agency (İŞKUR) determines whether the worker is entitled to unemployment benefits.

The correct determination of the leave code is important for the employee’s entitlement to unemployment benefits.


The most aggravating situation for employees is that the dismissal is based on situations that do not comply with the moral and goodwill rules of the first paragraph of the Labor Law, clause (II), and similar reasons. Previously, a notification was made with the code 29 for all those who were dismissed for this reason. SSI changed this problem last year. It canceled code 29 and instead determined 11 separate codes, ranging from 42 to 50. Thus, it became possible to report sexual harassment and those who quit due to absenteeism with different codes. However, none of those previously reported with codes 29 and now codes 42 to 50 receive unemployment benefits.


If the employer dismisses the worker for an unfair reason or if the worker terminates the employment contract for a valid reason, he has the right to receive unemployment benefits. However, the employer chooses the exit code from 42 to 50 so as not to pay notice and severance pay. This deprives the worker of unemployment benefits.


A question that most employees do not know is: in cases where there is such a dispute between the worker and the employer, the worker may not receive unemployment benefit at the beginning, if he earns the trial. The worker who proves that he terminated the employment contract for a just reason or that the employer dismissed him unfairly, receives unemployment benefit for the periods of inactivity subsequent to the termination of the employment contract. For this, he must apply to İŞKUR with the court decision.

The worker who wins the case must apply to İŞKUR within 30 days from the date of finalization of the first court decision. If the decision of the first court is appealed, the 30-day period runs from the notification of the judgment of the Court of Cassation or of the appeal.


Dismissal procedures must be carried out within 10 days from the termination of the employment contract. The code, which is reported to SGK as incorrect, can be changed within this ten day period. For example, even if a dismissal notification is made on the same day for an employee whose employment contract is terminated on March 28, the employer can change the exit code for ten days.

In order for the error to be corrected after ten days, the employer must apply to İŞKUR. The worker cannot apply alone, he must apply together with the employer. Previously, it was requested to go to SGK after the error was corrected by İŞKUR. If the correction is made only for unemployment benefits, a separate request for correction is not required with the SSI.

Unemployment benefit by termination code
Cancellation code Grounds for Termination Right to unemployment benefits
a Termination of the probationary employment contract by the employer won’t win
2nd Termination of the probationary employment contract by the worker won’t win
3 Termination of an employment contract of indefinite duration by the worker (resignation) won’t win
4 Termination of an employment contract of indefinite duration by the employer without justified reason won
5 Termination of a fixed-term employment contract won
8 Due to retirement (old age) or capital payment won’t win
9 Due to disability retirement won’t win
ten The death won’t win
11th Death following an accident at work won’t win
12 Military service won
13 Marriage of a worker won’t win
14 Fulfill conditions other than retirement age won’t win
15 collective redundancies won
16 Transfer of the insured person to another place of work of the same employer before the end of the contract won’t win
17 Business closure won
18 Work stoppage won
19 End of season (Used in case of suspension of employment. Code n° “4” is used if it will not be resumed) won’t win
20 End of campaign (Used in case of suspension of employment. Code # “4” is used if it will not be restarted) won’t win
21 Status change won’t win
22 Other reasons won’t win
23 Forced dismissal by the worker won
24 Dismissal by the worker for health reasons won
25 Dismissal by the employee due to behavior by the employer contrary to the rules of morality and good will. won
26 Dismissal by decision of the Disciplinary Board won’t win
27 Dismissal by the employer for compulsory reasons and detention won
28 Dismissal by the employer for health reasons won
30 End of visa period (Used in case of suspension of employment. Code no. “4” is used if it will not be restarted) won’t win
31 Termination under the Turkish Code of Obligations, Trade Unions and Collective Agreements Law, Strikes and Lockouts Law, without own will or fault. won
32 Termination due to privatization in accordance with Article 21 of Law No. 4046 won
33 Breach of contract by the journalist won
34 Dismissal due to transfer of workplace, change in nature of work or workplace won
35 Those who became civil servants under Law No. 6495 won’t win
36 Closure of the workplace by decree won
37 Dismissal from public service by decree won’t win
38 Dismissal for childbirth won’t win
39 Transition to public employment with Executive Order 696 won’t win
40 Exit due to non-transition to public employment with 696 decree-laws won
41 People with compulsory dismissal notices won’t win
42 At the time of the conclusion of the employment contract, the employee misleads the employer by claiming that he does not have the qualifications or conditions required for one of the essential points of this contract, but by saying that he a, or by saying false information or statements. won’t win
43 If the employee makes statements or acts that harm the honor and honor of the employer or any of his family members, or makes baseless reports and accusations against the employer who undermine honor and dignity. won’t win
44 The employee sexually harasses another employee of the employer. won’t win
45 The employee makes fun of the employer or one of his family members or another employee of the employer, reports to work intoxicated or has taken drugs, or uses these substances At work. won’t win
46 Employee behavior that is inconsistent with honesty and loyalty, such as abusing employer’s trust, stealing, revealing employer’s trade secrets. won’t win
47 The employee commits an offense in the workplace punishable by imprisonment for more than seven days and the sentence is not suspended. won’t win
48 The inability of the employee to continue working for two consecutive working days, or twice a month, the next working day or three working days a month, without authorization from the employer or without a justified reason. won’t win
49 The insistence of the worker not to perform the tasks for which he is responsible, despite being reminded. won’t win
50 The worker’s own will or negligence endangering work safety, causing damage and loss to machinery, plant or other property and materials which are the property of the workplace or which are not the property of the workplace , or that they cannot pay the amount of their thirty-day wages. won’t win

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