Ministry of Environment, Urban Planning and Climate ChangeThe modification of the coastal regulations entered into force by its publication in the Official Journal. The ministry has introduced new exceptions to the use of shorelines. As a result, new exceptions were defined for cases where the coastline would be redetermined, and special structures were opened on the coasts.
According to news from Hüseyin Şimşek of BirGün, the AKP, which plundered the environment and gave it to private institutions by taking it from the public, changed the “ninth article of the regulation on the implementation of the law coastal, which determines the approval and announcement of the coastline”, which he had changed eight times before, for the ninth time. Within the framework of the amendment, which is considered as a stage of privatization of the coasts which all citizens enjoy freely, the three exception zones provided for the redefinition of the coasts have been defined as follows:
Coastal areas where the treasury buildings are not inhabited and the cancellation of the title deed has not yet been filed
Coastal areas with certain structures that have a certificate of tourist operation
Coasts where objections to existing coasts have been identified with a technical report.
CHP MP from Antalya, Çetin Osman Budak, who pointed out that the government will hand over the coasts to the private sector with the rule change, reacted to the rule. CHP Budak, “Especially in tourist regions, the use of beaches by the public is extremely restricted due to hotel occupancy. The Minister of Culture and Tourism is proud of the free public beach projects he carries out at every opportunity, but according to our Constitution, all beaches are public and cannot be closed for public use. Not only sea coasts, but also lakes and rivers will be affected by the newly enacted regulations. Especially Lake Salda is also in great danger” mentioned.
Recalling that according to current legal regulations, structures to be built on the shoreline can be within 50 meters of the shoreline, Budak said:
“Areas located within the approach distance of the building must be developed as walking areas, rest or recreation areas or pedestrian paths with the implementation zoning plan. The new regulation covers the coasts where certain treasury buildings are located, the coastal areas where certain structures are located with tourist operation certificates and the coasts where a new coastline is determined with the technical report of objections to existing coasts. The coastlines of these areas, whose definition is extremely ambiguous, will be redefined at the discretion of the governorates. That is to say, the shores will be redrawn to order. This illegal regulation must be removed.
RIBS ARE ON AKP TARGET
Taking measures to encourage the private sector in almost all areas, reducing the areas of use for citizens and signing decisions to be given to companies, the AKP has signed regulations that are a blow to the coasts in the last period. .
Some of these regulations are:
With the bag bill passed in January, the coasts were transferred to private companies for a period of 49 years. As part of the settlement, the duration of contracts under 49 years, which were signed following the granting of operating rights and the privatization of certain ports by way of transfer, was extended to 49 years. from the beginning of the law. Among these ports were ports operated by many foreign companies, especially those from Qatar.
With the proposed bag law coming into force last year, the authorities of the municipality have been taken to shore. The coastlines allocated to the MUCEV before the local elections and which the public could not use free of charge were taken over entirely from the municipalities. Important coastlines owned by local governments have been transferred to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and the Ministry of Environment and Urban Planning. The Ministry obtained the right to transfer these areas to foundations such as MUÇEV or to private companies for tourism purposes.
With another bag law proposal accepted by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, a regulation including VAT exemption and new incentives for private organizations in tourism regions determined by decision of the President was implemented. Despite the uncontrolled constructions on the coasts, many derogations were granted to companies and looting was “opened”.
A blow was struck on the shores with the bill that the AKP announced to the public in 2018 with the message that “bags are paid for”. As a result, the obstacles to be approved in Turkish territorial waters for projects which are inconvenient even to be built on the coasts and which can fill the marine waters with millions of tons of waste have been removed. It was stipulated that power stations could be built in seas and lakes.
THEY CLOSED TO THE PUBLIC
Cevahir Efe Akçelik, environmental engineer, secretary of Istanbul’s TMMOB Provincial Coordinating Board, assessing the change in regulations, drew attention to the danger of turning the coasts into private property by closing them to the public. Akçelik used the following statements:
“With this amendment of the Coastal Law, which was amended for the 9th time under the AKP government, it is stated that the areas related to the coastal feature will be determined by technical reports. It is a mystery as to the technical criteria these ratios will be determined by the experts. With this amendment, article 5 of the Littoral Law “The coasts are open to the equal and free enjoyment of everyone, the public interest is above all taken into account when using the coast and littorals” is put to the test to overcome with article 9 of the same law.
THE CONSTRUCTION HAS BEEN OPENED WITH THE REGULATION
Gencay Serter, chairman of the board of directors of the TMMOB Chamber of Planners, pointed out that with the change in regulations, the way to change the coasts has been opened. Serter used the following statements:
“It is known that many facilities, contrary to the laws and regulations regarding violation of the Coastal Law on Tourist Facilities, have been opened for construction until today. With this regulatory article added, it will be possible to legalize the tourist facility, which violates many illegal laws and regulations. A second issue is the inclusion of areas where there is no construction yet in this regulatory change. This article paves the way for the renewal of the coastline through oppositions in many coastal areas where public properties are located. With this arrangement made in the coastal areas, which should be the property and possession of the whole public, the way for objections will be open, and many plan changes will be opened in the coastal areas. Finally, with this regulatory article added, new construction will be opened in many of our coastal areas.