Hexagons: a science far from magic!

Hexagon Holiness

People who believe in sacred geometry attribute power and importance to certain forms in nature and view these geometric shapes as evidence of order in the universe established by a supreme power. An even smaller group within this small group is particularly interested in hexagons. There are online communities dedicated to the symbolic and literal worship of hexagons, and Hexagon Awareness Bear They even party.

For those of us who don’t see geometry class as spiritual enlightenment, this might be a bit of a stretch. However, the hexagons, which are the basis of this belief, appear surprisingly in many areas of nature, and some of their characteristics are seriously surprising. Yet we can explain most of these characteristics without religious explanations.

Hexagon all around us!

There is continuous cloud formation at Saturn’s north pole. But this is no ordinary cloud formation; It can be clearly observed that this formation is hexagonal in shape.. Moreover, each of the six sides of this hexagon is longer than the diameter of the Earth. For scientists to explain how the formation of the clouds in question occurs, when you stir the water in a bucket fast enough, the water becomes hexagonal. whirlwind Although there are some explanations such as[1]

If we go back to Earth, to California Devils Postpile Less than a hundred thousand years ago, a lava flow at the place known as Earth gave rise to these strange rock structures. These structures are in the form of basalt columns, which is not very unusual. But what makes them unusual is that every structure found in this region is hexagonal.

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A similar formation is found on the coast of Northern Ireland. The Giant’s Causeway It is located in a place known as The lava that covered the area as a result of the volcanic eruption that formed these rocks began to shrink as it cooled. Due to the shrinkage, tension was created, which caused cracks. Then these cracks began to dissipate due to the pressure caused by their own tension and began to discharge this pressure. The angle of refraction that released the most stress was 120 degrees, which is the measure of an interior angle of a hexagon. If all the lava covering this area cooled at the same rate, the shapes of these areas would all be perfectly smooth hexagonal columns.

The Giant's Causeway in Ireland.
The Giant’s Causeway in Ireland.
Wikimedia Commons

Undoubtedly, the most important natural hexagonal shapes appear in honeycombs, namely honeycombs. Seeing the world with hexagonal eyes, bees are extraordinarily good at creating hexagons.[2] Hives are truly magnificent structures; and they owe their hexagonal nature partly to chance and partly to a clever solution.

The reason why honeycombs are built in the hexagonal shape is that hexagons are the most suitable shape to utilize a given area most efficiently using the least amount of material. Any space can be filled using hexagons without gaps or overlaps. Triangles and squares can be used side by side/overlapping without gaps; however, some gaps will occur in circles and pentagons. Since hexagons are made up of repeating triangles, the mosaic they create minimizes wasted space or energy.[3] Scientists have believed for millennia that the hexagon is the most efficient shape for filling a plane, but this idea was only introduced in 1999 by Thomas C. Hales. “The Honeycomb Conjecture” proven in his article.[4]

Honeycomb, circular and hexagonal formations
Honeycomb, circular and hexagonal formations

On the other hand, there is something you can observe when trying to fill a flat square surface with circles. When the square area is completely filled, you will see that when the circles do not overlap, they form a hexagon. The hive is essentially built according to this principle and the hive thus takes its final form.

The hexagon also plays a role in many areas of our daily lives:

  • Some crystals and snowflakes are hexagonal. Both appear hexagonal to the naked eye because their molecular structure at the microscopic scale is hexagonal.
  • organThe first compounds are represented by hexagons. Most of them have carbon in the main atomic chain. When one carbon atom bonds to another carbon atom, the angle of this bond is less than 120. But when six carbon atoms bond, this angle is 120. As a result, six bonded carbons (as benzene) form a perfect hexagon.
Wikimedia Commons


Hexagons are found everywhere in nature, from the largest planets to microscopic compounds; this abundance can be largely illuminated by scientific explanations.

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