ANKARA – The commemorative conference entitled “Day of Respect for Merih Celasun”, organized by the Educational Policy Research Foundation of Turkey (TEPAV) for the seventh time this year, was held at the TEPAV building.
In his opening speech, the Director of the Center for Social Policy Research and Application (SPM), Serdar Sayan, said, “I am one of the students raised by Merih Celasun. After losing her, we started organizing a day of respect and asked experts in the field of economics to give a memorial talk. The first meeting was held in 2010. ” said.
“I DON’T THINK I WILL BE ABLE TO LIVE HIS THOUGHTS AND MEMORIES VERY WELL”
Esin Celesun, daughter of Merih Celesun, who participated in the event, thanked TEPAV, who organized the event, and said, “It has been more than 10 years since I lost my father, and TEPAV organizes these events since then. I thank my family for this. It is an event that makes us very happy. “I don’t think I was able to keep his thoughts and memories alive. That’s why this event is very important.”
“APPROACHES TO POVERTY AND EQUAL CITIZENSHIP”
Professor Emeritus of Boğaziçi University, Ayşe Buğra, gave a lecture entitled “Approaches to poverty in the thought and economics of social policy and the ideal of equality of citizens” within the framework of the “Day of respect for Merih Celasun”.
BUĞRA: 55% OF THE WORLD’S POPULATION HAVE NO SOCIAL SECURITY
In his speech, showing the cover of a book published in 1532 on helping the poor, Buğra said, “He always covers the issues we discuss.” Ayşe Buğra spoke about perceptions and approaches to poverty from yesterday to today and said: “55% of the world’s population does not have social security. Even in Europe, there is 12% poverty. In such an environment, it is not surprising that the discussions on the basic income of citizenship are so intense.” .
‘DOES THE BASIC INCOME ALONE SOLVE THE PROBLEM OF POVERTY?’
Emphasizing that poverty is not just a matter of low income, Buğra said: “Poverty is very much related to the uncertainty of life. Will there be money to buy bread for the house? tomorrow or not? Knowing that a certain amount of income will prevent people from losing This is not something that can solve the problem of poverty. The question “What next?” is very important. How is the health system How is the education system? How is the housing policy?
During the panel organized after the commemoration conference, moderated by METU Professor of Economics Erol Taymaz, Coordinator of the Office of Solidarity Against Poverty Hacer Foggo and Professor Emeritus of the Department of Economics of Koç University İhsan Tunalı took the floor.
“THE LEARNING DIFFICULTY IS MALNUTRITION”
Hacer Foggo said child welfare has ceased to be a child protection mechanism due to rising food prices and the economic crisis. Foggo said: “According to research conducted in the United States and elsewhere after the pandemic, access to food and malnutrition is a condition that does not develop the forebrain of the child. When it comes to poverty, malnourishment underlies the paperwork these children receive because of This is a violation of human rights and children’s rights I think there is a problem of breaking the law Because these children bring these issues with them when they become adults,” he said.
“WELFARE ARE NOT THE MECHANISMS THAT PROTECT THE CHILD”
Pointing to data from the Ministry of Family’s 2021 activity report showing that poverty has increased two and a half times this year, Faggo said: “Social assistance to 141,000 children who can not look after home has increased too much. Some of the children who have learning difficulties due to malnutrition, which I have just mentioned, are also included in these statistics. These small social benefits, which are paid to keep children in school, are used in electricity bills and food purchases as the economic crisis worsens. These social benefits are not really mechanisms that protect the child,” he said.
‘PEOPLE DUE TO SINGLE NUTRITION DUE TO THE ECONOMIC CRISIS’
Highlighting that nearly 160,000 children did not return to school between 2021 and 2022, Faggo said:
“I also don’t think there is a mechanism that follows these children. It is not known what these children are doing. In every house I have visited, I have seen a child who has dropped out of school. In the Deep Poverty Network’s research of 103 households, 13% of children preferred to work with their family during the pandemic, and 6% I think the biggest gap here is the lack of a tracking mechanism. the child is not monitored, for example, when the father has cancer during the year, the first thing families do is take their child from school to work as a barber. When you can’t catch that child, he continues inheriting that poverty. If a child who leaves school lives in deep poverty, he does not return to school if there is no mechanism for One of the most important reasons for the increase in poverty is the lack of a monitoring mechanism. I think there is no mechanism tracking that protects Currently, due to the economic crisis, people have fallen to a single type of food in the homes I have visited. It’s like giving instant soup instead of formula, other alternatives instead of sanitary napkins. In these economic crises, women actually have a livelihood strategy that they themselves have created,” she said.
204 THOUSAND JOB APPLICATIONS IN ONE MONTH IN İŞKUR: ALL OVER 50
Foggo said poverty is also a major issue for people aged 65 and older. Stating that 204,473 people over the age of 50 applied to İŞKUR in February 2022, Foggo said, “Again, these people have to do every job. Older people do a lot of work they don’t know about and many work accidents occur. 12 “The rate of those who reject their parents’ inheritance is 85%. People have started borrowing so much now that inheritances have started to be rejected,” he said.
Speaking at the panel, Prof. Dr. As part of “Merih Celasun Respect Day”, Human Tunalı also included the question “Do we know the population in need of social protection?” makes a titled presentation.