According to news from Anadolu Agency;
ANKARA (AA) – Minister of Environment, Urbanization and Climate Change Murat Kurum said that since June 2021 oxygen has decreased and nitrogen and phosphorus have increased in the Sea of Marmara, but there were no findings related to mucilage.
On mucilage in the Sea of Marmara, it was chaired by Prof. Dr. The Scientific and Technical Committee of the Sea of Marmara Action Plan, composed of 21 scientists, constituted by Hasan Mandal, met in the social facilities of ILBANK.
It was learned that the report prepared by the scientific committee was presented at the meeting, which lasted about 2.5 hours, which was closed to the press.
In its speech at the closing of the meeting, the institution said that it had discussed the future of the Sea of Marmara and the suggestions, ideas and opinions on the solution of the mucilage problem and determined new measures. to be taken within this framework by the scientific committee formed within the Union of Municipalities of Marmara.
Stressing that the fight against the climate crisis, which threatens the future of Turkey and the world, continues uninterrupted, the Institution recalled that there was a problem of mucilage last June due to climate change.
Recalling that they implemented a disaster coordination process in the whole of Marmara from the first moment on the instructions of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the institution said: “We carried out the campaign to clean up the sea with the widest participation in Turkey. We removed approximately 11,000 cubic meters of mucilage and came up with a 22 point emergency action plan. ” he said.
– “Our goal is not instant, daily success in cleaning up the sea”
Stating that all sources of pollution that cause ecological deterioration of Marmara have been identified, the Authority recalled that all pollution factors are monitored instantly and criminal actions including closure are applied to those who produce pollution. Pollution.
Minister Kurum continued his speech as follows:
“Our goal is not a momentary, daily success in cleaning up the seas, we have taken short-term measures. There is no mucilage in our seas at the moment. However, this does not mean that mucilage will not happen again. Today we have assessed again that in the measurements and analyzes that we have made in the field, no mucilage has been found in our sea. However, of course, we must complete this work effective in revealing permanent solutions so that we no longer face any risk of mucilage.”
The institution said it is carrying out the three-year total ecological life rescue and protection projects in the Sea of Marmara with determination.
Explaining that in the working groups formed within the Council, very important studies have been carried out on “the reduction of the quantity of pollutants, the creation of surveillance and monitoring systems, the study of the mechanisms of formation of mucilages and their effects on biodiversity, sensitization”, the Institution said: “We have carried out many studies in the context of the elimination of mucilages. At this stage, biotechnological and mechanical In this context, we hope that all our tests in the field will be completed in July and we will try to complete our process within the scope of the results mentioned.
Stating that they discussed proposals for permanent solutions for training, cleaning, control and prevention of mucilage during the meeting, Kurum said: “When you look at the Sea of Marmara since June 2021, again, in the tests we have carried out with the science vessel METU, it is observed that oxygen decreases, nitrogen and phosphorus increase, but there is no evidence of mucilage.It has been clearly determined that it does not there was no discovery. gave the information.
“I hope that we will put in place a very important regulation in our assembly”
Emphasizing that they are working resolutely to completely eliminate mucilage from the surface and bottom of the sea, the institution said: “The milestone we have reached today has shown that our action and our strategic plan have allowed us to achieve very specific results in our fight. against mucilage. Our Sea of Marmara is actually sick at this point. We must fight this disease to the end. mentioned.
Explaining the decisions taken within the framework of the timetable and work program determined in the Strategic Plan for the Sea of Marmara, the Institution declared:
“According to the winter 2022 results of the MARMOD project, the input of nitrogen and phosphorus into the Sea of Marmara continues and the oxygen decreases. We are working to reduce the load of nitrogen and phosphorus reaching the sea and to increase oxygen in accordance with the opinions, ideas and suggestions of our scientific committee. We had a three-year plan to immediately transform existing treatment plants into advanced biological treatment plants. Models such as “build and rent” will also accelerate their investments in order to move the process faster, out of budget.”
“We have really made progress”
Stressing that studies are underway with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry to reduce pollution from all kinds of agricultural activities and dispersed sources such as livestock, the institution said: “We are taking measures to increase organic farming and to carry out animal husbandry and agricultural activities here in a way that will not harm the soil and groundwater. At this point, we can say that we have really made progress. he said.
Stating that they will expand “clean production” techniques in industrial facilities to reduce pollution at its source, the Authority said:
“We are making arrangements to reduce the ingress of sewage even though it is treated in the Sea of Marmara. as far as possible. Our current rate of 3% is increased to 5% and then to 15%. We are taking steps to introduce it in Turkey. In this context, we will indeed make them mandatory with the regulations that we have established, and hopefully we’ll have reached those rates by 2030.”
– “We have started to create the digital twin of our Sea of Marmara”
“We have started to create a digital twin of our Sea of Marmara in three dimensions.” The Institution declared having carried out this project with METU MARMOD.
The institution said: “When our project is completed in a short period of time, we will be able to effectively perform all kinds of simulations with our digital twin. We will increase the level of success of the model with retrospective simulations. We will continue to make samples with our June 2022 expedition. We will once again be able to use digital tools to understand the long-term effects of mucilage on deep waters and the seabed. The twin will make a huge contribution to us and our scientists, and in this way , we will further accelerate the process of improving seawater quality.” he said.
Minister Kurum said they will reduce the particles that cause the water temperature to rise in the Sea of Marmara, and they will further increase studies on sewage purification by making filters and units additional sedimentation in all waters entering the Sea of Marmara, as recommended by the Scientific Committee.
– “We carried out 2 thousand 100 environmental inspections last week”
The institution also provided the following information regarding the audits:
“We are continuing our inspections strictly in 2022. We carried out 2,100 environmental inspections in Marmara last week and we are also implementing all kinds of penal actions, including closure. Now our inspections will continue 24 hours a day. day, 7 days a week. Environmental management for a thousand people. “We will continue these inspection processes in our team with a spirit of mobilization, and we will not let any pollution occur in our Marmara Sea, and we will obviously not let We will continue our mobilization until permanent solutions are found.
Thanking governors, mayors, scientists and ministry employees who are partners in the fight against mucilage, Kurum said, “Our fight in Marmara will continue until we see swordfish, tuna and mackerel in our seas. mentioned.