Turkey ranks last among OECD countries in the study “Quality of public decisions”

T24 Economy Service

The 2021 Public Decision Processes Assessment Report, prepared by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), was announced at the “Public Decision Processes Conference” held online. In the report, countries’ decision-making stages in the public sector are assessed in 3 areas like “stakeholder engagement”, “pre-regulatory impact analysis” and “impact analysis post-regulation”. The research is based on responses from public institutions in OECD countries.

According to the report in question, when Turkey’s situation in 2015, 2018 and 2021 is compared; Although there was no information on “stakeholder engagement” in the primary regulations, it was ranked 32nd out of 38 countries, with the same score as in 2018, in the secondary regulations.

When Turkey is compared to the periods 2015 and 2018 in the “pre-regulation impact analysis”; showed no improvement in score. Due to development in other countries, Turkey ranked last in this field in 2021.

In the “Post-Regulatory Impact Assessment” assessment, Turkey ranked 36th out of 38 countries in primary laws in the 2018 report, while in the 2021 report, it ranked last at both in primary laws and secondary regulations.

The conference, which was organized for managers from the private, public and non-governmental sectors, was organized in cooperation with TÜSİAD and Argüden Governance Academy with contributions from the OECD. Vice Chairman of TÜSİAD Board of Directors gave the opening speeches. Murat Ozyegin and Argüden Governance Academy Chairman of the Board Dr. Yilmaz ArgudenThe culture of good governance in public regulations has been discussed multidimensionally and comparatively in Turkey and other countries.

Head of the OECD Regulatory Policy Department and Member of the Advisory Board of the Argüden Governance Academy at the conference Nick Malyshev was the keynote speaker. Moderated by project director Argüden Governance Academy Dr. Fatma Öğücü SenSabancı University Faculty Member, Emeritus Professor. dr. Ersin Kalaycioglu, Faculty Member of Hacettepe University Prof. dr. Muhittin Acar and member of the academic council of the Argüden Academy of Governance, Dr. Erkin Erimez They assessed developments since previous reports in the series, published in 2015 and 2018.

Murat Özyeğin: Balance and control mechanisms are of great importance

Murat Özyeğin used the following expressions in his speech:

The establishment of balance and control mechanisms, principles of transparency, consultation and merit in public regulatory policies is of great importance for the establishment of reliable and inclusive institutions and rules.. The market economy, which is valid in all developed countries without exception, envisages the rule of law and an organization based on rules. Rules of the need for life regulation; rules create institutions that will implement them effectively and efficiently..

In the study “Building the Future with a New Perspective”, which we shared with the public last year, we pointed out that the well-being of countries is now based on intangible resources. Human development and empowerment; science-technology-innovation; institutions and rules constitute these immaterial resources. We call these three elements “people, science and institutions” for short. The establishment of balance and control mechanisms, principles of transparency, consultation and merit in public regulatory policies is of great importance for the establishment of reliable and inclusive institutions and rules.

Argüden: Improving the quality of decisions in the public is key to increasing social trust

Dr. Yilmaz Argüden said:Improving the quality of public decisions is essential for economic growth, reducing unemployment and strengthening social trust.‘ he said.

Dr. Yılmaz Argüden said he adopted “approaches that will trigger learning” in all their studies and said he considers it his responsibility to make the 2021 results of the decision-making process report public. OECD in Turkey, after 2015 and 2018. knowledge.

Recalling that the OECD determined certain criteria to increase the quality of decision-making in the public sector in 2012, Dr. Yılmaz Argüden said:

The public makes various arrangements for purposes such as social health and safety, social justice and ensuring competition on a level playing field. However, when making these arrangements, it is necessary to consider the following 3 issues which directly affect the quality of the decision.

First, making public regulations without an impact analysis is like investing without a feasibility study. Secondly, information and inclusive consultation allow agents (public administration) to better understand the expectations of principals (citizens) and to protect their interests.

“Increases national income, reduces unemployment”

Third, post-regulatory impact assessments provide opportunities for institutional learning and necessary adjustments. A study of Sweden shows that improving decision quality by 10% will improve per capita income by 5%. The adoption of good governance in the public sector improves the quality of regulation, accelerates development, increases total factor productivity and national income, and reduces unemployment.’

Malyshev: Turkey still has a long way to go when it comes to quality of decisions

Nick Malyshev said:The report’s findings show that Turkey still has a long way to go when it comes to the quality of public decisions.” mentioned.

Nick Malyshev said the report comparatively presents country practices in stakeholder engagement, pre-regulatory impact analysis and post-regulatory impact analysis, which are important tools for public decision-making process.

Emphasizing that regulatory quality is only possible with the use of good governance approaches in regulatory preparation processes, Malyshev said: ”When stakeholders are included in regulatory processes in an inclusive manner, the decisions made are seen as fairer. The latest evaluation report highlights that there is room for improvement in all three areas for Turkey.” mentioned.

In his speech, Malyshev also spoke about new regulatory trends and said:With the outbreak of Covid-19, where we deeply feel the impact of globalization, globalization, digitalization and international cooperation are gaining importance in regulatory processes. We expect regulations created to create solutions to emergencies to create a wave of post-implementation evaluation in the future. It seems that Turkey can benefit from the experiences of different countries to improve public decision-making processes.

Turkey in last place

Dr. Fatma Öğücü Şen, on the other hand, conveyed Turkey’s assessment in the report as follows:

According to the report, compared to 2015, 2018 and 2021, Turkey stayed the same or showed a decline in all three areas compared to the previous period. Although there is no information on our country in terms of stakeholder participation in primary laws, it ranks 32nd out of 38 countries, with the same score as in 2018, in stakeholder participation in regulations secondary.

However, Turkey could not show any improvement in terms of points in the pre-regulation impact analysis (for secondary regulations) compared to 2015 and 2018. With the progress of other countries, our country ranks last in this area in the 2021 report. In post-implementation assessments, our country ranks 36th for primary laws among 38 countries in the 2018 report, while it ranks last for primary laws and secondary regulations in the 2021 report.

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