Experts in the framework of the Taksim pedestrianization project Gezi ParkHe assessed the economic and social aspects of the events that started on May 27 and lasted until July 8, 2013, with the excuse that the trees in Turkey will be moved to another place, to the AA correspondent.
Cemil Ertem, Chief Economic Advisor to the President, travel eventsStating that the protest was not an objection or even an opposition movement, he said, “Gezi was a reactionary attempt, a reactionary attempt at restoration.” used expressions.
Pointing out that despite the global economic crisis of 2008, Turkey achieved significant economic success in 2010, 2011 and 2012, Ertem said:
“The crisis, which manifested itself in both the mortgage crisis in the United States and the financial collapse in Europe, caused very severe contractions all over the world in 2009. There was a contraction in Turkey in 2009, but Turkey experienced this contraction rapidly in 2010-2011. Trust in Turkey, political stability in Turkey and the investments that the AK Party government would make in Turkey at that time…Here are the plans of many projects from Istanbul airport to power lines and rapid business transitions.been given from 2010. After the global crisis in 2009, this accelerated the flow of capital and increased interest in Turkey.We have reached a very high growth rate of 8% in Turkey in 2010. With the effect of this rapid growth in the 2011 elections, the new AK Party came to power with a high percentage of votes, especially under the leadership of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a A serious economic recovery was achieved and interest rates began to fall.
Recalling that Turkey’s credit rating was upgraded before the Gezi events and a large flow of capital started to Turkey, Ertem said: “All this led to a rapid drop in interest rates so that we go until 2013. The rapid decline in interest rates has affected Turkey. both globally and nationally. This encouraged investors to invest more voraciously. Gezi was exactly 8 years ago in June 2013, under these conditions, it is an attack on Turkey, at least. mentioned.
Mentioning the book “60 Days That Stopped the World”, which he wrote with Markar Esayan, who was also an AK party MP who died last year, Ertem said they discussed the economic policy of the Turkey at that time in a historical context, based on the events in Gezi.
“Gezi is a reactionary attempt”
Cemil Ertem made the following assessment:
“As the late Markar said, ‘Gezi was essentially a reactionary attempt at restoration due to the loss of privileges of a reactionary and privileged class.’ Markar made this decision at the time, and we see that he was right. Gezi took place under these economic and social conditions, and in that sense it is a reactionary attempt. There is no “revolutionary objection” like those who took part in the Gezi claim. It is the manifestation of the desire of tutelary monopoly capital, which cooperates with international capital, to return to its dark old days, which were knitted with military boots and a coup tradition.
Explaining that after the events centered on the Gezi Park, major projects have emerged in Turkey, “Istanbul Airport, TANAP, Turkey’s Energy Center Project, and Ring Roads, Third Bridge and trade integrations that will link London-Istanbul-Beijing As a result, Turkey today is “Whether in the defense industry or in other fields, it has become one of the few countries in the world. It’s like that in terms of energy, it’s like that in terms of transportation, and it’s like that in terms of industry.” mentioned.
“The FETO bureaucracy and the media also played a big role in attracting the young masses who had a green sensibility at the time but were unaware of what was going on, or those who somehow lost their privileges in the guardianship system in Turkey, to the streets.” Ertem said, noting that events focused on Gezi Park have not spread across Turkey. Ertem pointed out that the speech of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who was then Prime Minister, at the airport on his return from Africa, and that the masses of people who welcomed him were more numerous than those who participated in the events. of Gezi, and that the majority of the people held to the will of the elect.
Explaining that people who did not come out against the guardianship-backed militants during the Gezi events, took to the streets during the July 15 coup attempt, Cemil Ertem said: “Therefore, the tutelary system’s last struggle in Turkey came after the people’s own repression of the July 15, 2016 FETO coup attempt. In this sense, there is a correlation between the Gezi uprising in June 2013 and the July 15, 2016 FETO coup attempt. Their centers, motivations and destination are the same. made his assessment.
The president’s chief adviser, Cemil Ertem, stressed that the people will not forgive the events of Gezi, uprisings such as those of December 17-25 and July 15.
“Those who target Gezi have no equivalent in society at the moment”
Explaining that they wrote one of the best books on the Gezi events with Markar Esayan, Ertem said, “Those who aim at Gezi have no value in society right now, but their aim continues. Their aim has It has always been to make Turkey a country under the tutelage and under the command of the world powers. This will continue, but I would like to add that they will never achieve their goals, he said.
“The starting point of polarization is actually Gezi”
SETA Society and Media Researcher and Ibn Haldun University Lecturer, Dr. Ali Aslan Recalling that the AKP Party came to power in 2002 after the February 28 process, he recalled that the government faced serious resistance in the following 10 years, that there were situations such as the Meetings of the Republic, the electronic memorandum of April 27, the crisis of 367 and the closing case against the AK party. He noted that there had been events similar to his actions.
Stating that he read the events of Gezi as a continuation of all these processes, Aslan continued:
“Because left-liberal groups who did not support Republican rallies before, lent their support to Gezi this time. So the opposition bloc expanded. There were no HDP supporters there- down. Because then the solution process was also going on. But then there were those who said “no, we were there”. Like Aysel Tuğluk, for example. After things deteriorated in 2014, we have says that “we were there spiritually, even though we weren’t physically. Gezi was a reaction to this in the early years of the second term.”
Stating that the AK party was in a period of openness in the 2008s and had an opening towards Kurds, Alevis, non-Muslims, Roma and conservatives, Aslan said: “This process has been interrupted for the first time with Gezi. A wall “After that, we saw that the polarization in the country increased sharply. Gezi was a struggle against the powerful. The starting point of the polarization was actually Gezi. All the processes that followed also l ‘served.” mentioned.”
“The journey has become a myth”
Arguing that the Gezi events were a reaction of the secular middle class, which lost its privileges, even though it emerged with an environmental conscience, Aslan said:
“So our problem here is the AK party, which has formed a great historical bloc with the circles around society. It has replaced this bloc which has dominated the country since the 1920s, and those who have ruled the country for years 1920s to the 2010s. , directly or indirectly, including the media, including academics. There is also the civil bureaucracy, the business community, the military and members of the judiciary. All have reacted collectively to this change of power and this reaction is called Gezi. Gezi is a myth that these social segments emphasize in order to ensure their continued unity in the next period. What was the effect after that? The polarization in the country is suddenly appeared.
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