Under the presidential system of government, the number of millionaires living at home and abroad increased by 268% to 511,685 people. The total wealth of millionaires living in the country increased by 262% and reached 3 trillion 32 billion 413 million lira. The number of people living below the hunger or poverty line rose from 64 million to 76.5 million. Political scientist Dr. Onur Alp Yilmaz, “These numbers also show something the government is trying to do. He transfers a fortune by this means. Therefore, with this transfer, it impoverishes large sections of society and pushes them below the threshold of hunger or poverty. mentioned.
5 years have passed since the constitutional referendum on April 16, 2017. Turkey has been ruled by the presidential system of government for 5 years. Political scientist Dr. Onur Alp Yılmaz’s research has revealed that with the transition to the presidential system of government, the number of wealth holders and their deposits in Turkey have increased to a large extent, while the number of citizens living below the hunger or poverty line has also increased.
TOTAL WEALTH OF MILLIONAIRES 3 BILLION 431 MILLION
According to research by Onur Alp Yılmaz, the number of millionaires living abroad and in Turkey has increased by 268% over the past five years, from 138,980 to 511,685. The total wealth of millionaires living in the country increased by 262%, from 385 billion 621 million lira to 3,000 billion 431 million. The total deposits of Turkish millionaires living abroad, on the other hand, increased by 184%, from 74 billion 358 million to 211 billion 667 million.
THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE LIVING ON THE FUNGER OR POVERTY LINE IS 76.5 MILLION
According to research by Yılmaz; In this process, the number of citizens living below the hunger or poverty line has increased considerably. According to this; While 64 million citizens lived below the hunger or poverty line in 2017, this figure rose to 76.5 million in 2022, up 19%. According to Yılmaz’s research, inflation increased by 49.22%, from 11.92% to 61.14%. The hunger limit has been increased from 1,608 lira to 4,928 lira. The gap between the hunger limit and the minimum wage fell from plus 204 lire to minus 678 lire.
SOCIETY HAS BEEN IMPOVERISHED BY WEALTH TRANSFER
Dr. Onur Alp Yılmaz told the details of his research to ANKA news agency. Assessing the increase in deposit accounts of wealthy people alongside rising currencies, Yılmaz said, “There is a debate in the public whether the increase in the exchange rate is also a deliberate thing. This number provides important data. The increase from 138,980 to 511,685 is 268%. “The fact that the government is trying to do this shows something that the government is trying to do. It is in fact transferring wealth by this means. Therefore, with this transference, it is impoverishing large sections of society and pushing them under the hunger or poverty line. mentioned.
THE GOVERNMENT IS TRYING TO ELIMINATE THE MIDDLE CLASS
Arguing that the government’s economic policies are aimed at melting the middle class, Yılmaz continued:
“In other words, he is trying to abolish the middle class, the class that supports democracy. The reason why the middle class supports democracy is, in fact, to put it in a Marxist way, because the middle class has nothing to lose but its chains. He has at least one property, a house, a car; it therefore has something to lose and therefore tries to avoid arbitrary regimes. By eliminating this, it creates a unity of interest between groups which it impoverishes the majority of society and enriches by favoring these poor segments. It does this by distributing these funds to the poor, through the funds it receives from the wealthy during election times. He tries to ensure the continuity of his power by giving the income that people already deserve as a gift to these people, and by putting forward the unity of interest that he wants at this point.
67% OF TURKEYS RECEIVE A SALARY FROM THE BOSS
Stating that the main claim of his research is the presidential system of government and the growing domination of the state over the working classes, Yılmaz said, “That is basically my claim and the reason why I did it, because with the presidential regime, the state has become a tool of domination in Turkey. Of course, what we call the state is an instrument of domination over working groups. Today, 67% of Turkey has become a salaried labor society, that is, they are paid by a boss. he said.
NEGATIVE LEFT WORKERS WITH CROSSED CAPITALISM
Recalling what happened during the state of emergency (OHAL) before the April 17 referendum, Yılmaz continued his remarks as follows:
In other words, the ruling party has come to liquidate social justice, which is the class that supports democracy, and transform it into a relationship of interest only to ensure the continuity of its power, and the structure what we call the state today is a tool of domination over the workers, and moreover, it has come to make it a relationship of interest, especially with a favorable economic system. employers and capital groups began to be favored positively.
TODAY, 76.5 MILLION ARE BELOW THE HUNGER OR POVERTY LINE
Comparing the information on the purchasing power of the minimum wage determined by the government for 2022 with the past, Yılmaz said: “The increase in the minimum wage has arrived, it is good. In 2017, the minimum wage was 1,404 lira, and now it is 4,250 lira. So there is an increase of 202%. But here’s the thing; hunger and poverty have increased too much in Turkey. While 64 million people lived below the hunger or poverty line in 2017, 76.5 million today; that is, it increased by 19%. Moreover, 90 percent of society is at a point where they can barely or cannot meet their basic needs. This is a very significant increase. Raise the minimum wage as much as you want, there is no return for that. Because you can’t balance supply and demand in the market that way. In a very short time, prices increase, purchasing power decreases. he said.
WITH TEMPORARY RELIEF, THEY MAKE US ALL POOR
Yılmaz drew attention to the disadvantages of increasing the level of the minimum wage due to a relationship from the perspective of electoral economics and said: “Unless the burden of this work, the tax burden or the burden of income is imposed on the employer; It is out of the question that there will be no positive change in the lives of the poor because the worker strains the worker. By distributing them to society like barns through the electoral economy, they somehow push them to a much poorer place with temporary relief. This is one of the underlying causes of our impoverishment. mentioned.
Assessing claims that millionaires in Turkey have moved their nearly $200 billion deposits overseas, Yılmaz said: “If we are talking about the informal economy here, we would be talking about a completely different picture. There are no unrecorded numbers in these numbers here. Official BRSA figures. It is highly likely that people who are middle-aged and have made money, for better or for worse, have made deposits abroad to start a new life. Additionally, our citizens living abroad may have deposits. he said.
WEALTH INCREASES, BUT WEALTH DECREASES IN TURKEY
Yılmaz assessed the large increases in the number of millionaires and their wealth with the transition to the presidential system of government as follows:
“Today one person actually decides everything, wealth transfer is something governments tried to do especially in the neoliberal era and after 1980, but there were institutional hurdles in front of them to do it. With the presidential system of government in Turkey, these institutional constraints have completely disappeared. With a “nas” speech, with an Islamic reference, especially with the policy of lowering interest rates, that is to say with religious instead of doing the demands of economics, a person gets to a point where they can change the president of the bank overnight if he doesn’t make the decisions he wants. opposes because institutionalism has completely disappeared. From then on, the decisions that will ensure the transfer of wealth can be easily taken by one person. In Turkey, the rich are increasing, but the wealth is decreasing in the general population. This is t because one person makes all the decisions.
A POLICY MUST BE ESTABLISHED TO AVOID WEALTH TRANSFER
Stating that the “Strengthened Parliamentary System” agreed upon by the CHP, IYI Party, Democracy and Atılım (DEVA) Party, Democratic Party, Future Party and Bliss Party can play an important role in establishing social justice, Yılmaz said:
“The parliamentary system is not something that alone will achieve social justice, welfare, social justice and the spread of property. It is here that the six opposition parties ensure, at least, one of the main functions of the State, public services to the people free of charge. What is that; education service – a qualified, secular and scientific education system – to provide an accessible health system, a minimum right to housing, a minimum level of income allowing a dignified life. This is in fact not possible without establishing a balance between groups of capital and workers. Especially the CHP, which is one of the main parties of the alliance, claims to be a social democratic party. Therefore, there should be a policy that will prevent the transfer of wealth or transform this transfer of wealth in favor of workers. They’re trying to push it forward, but in a much more planned and programmed way, the six-party consensus has to say something. If there is a transformation of power in Turkey, it is vital to ensure it. If that doesn’t happen, if you can’t lift people out of poverty, if that poverty gets worse day by day, it can cause a social explosion. In unorganized societies like ours, we do not know where the social explosion will evolve.