Only a few more days before the holidays. Eid Eve begins after 1:00 p.m. on Sunday May 1 (Work and Solidarity Day). The first day of Eid al-Fitr will be May 2 and the last day will be May 4. During this period, hundreds of thousands of workers will continue to work in many sectors, from the market to the bakery, from the manufacturer to the exporter. The laws provide various rights for the employees during the said holiday.
Holidays are declared public holidays. According to labor law, there must be a provision in the collective agreement or employment contract so that the worker can be employed on public holidays and holidays. If there is no provision in the contract in this regard, written permission must be obtained from the worker who will be employed on public holidays and holidays. Regardless of the number of hours worked on a public holiday, the worker is entitled to a full day’s pay.
FULL LOAD TO WHAT IS ON HOLIDAY
Even if inactive workers do not go to work on public holidays, they receive their full salary. On the other hand, those who work on public holidays must receive an additional daily wage (daily wage) for each day worked. The double salary is calculated to include the 3-day festive period and the work to be done on the afternoon of the day of Arafa. Under normal conditions, it includes 3.5 days for the Ramadan holiday. However, the fact that Arefe coincided with a Sunday this year changed the calculations.
AREFE DAY ARRIVES ON THE MARKET
The employee’s “weekend right” precedes national holidays and public holidays. Workers who work 45 hours per week are entitled to 1 day off. If the worker does not go to work that day, he receives 1 salary, and if he works, he receives 2 salaries. Since the said public holiday is considered a public holiday weekend, the worker benefits from an increase of 50% of his overtime hours in return for his work. Thus, the worker who works at the weekend receives 2.5 days of wages. So weekend; A total of 8.5 daily wages will be paid to the employee on Sundays and 3 public holidays, which coincide with May 1, Labor and Solidarity Day. This difference is not due to the fact that it is the day of Arafa, but to the work done on the weekends off. Those who do not coincide with the Sunday of the weekend will receive double pay due to the May 1 public holiday.
ACCOUNT FOR MINIMUM FEE
Let’s explain the fees to be charged with an example. A minimum wage worker (net 4 thousand 253 lire for this year) must be paid net 142 lire per day. If the worker takes the weekend for a Sunday and has worked the whole holiday, including the day before, he will receive 8.5 times the daily wage. 4 daily wages of this is already in the minimum wage. Therefore, an additional payment of 639 lira (142×4.5) will be made in the amount of 4.5 daily wages. Compensation for work performed during the holidays must be paid with the next salary.
CANNOT BE MADE AS COMPENSATION
In some workplaces it is said that “work during the holidays, you can use the holidays later”. However, an employee who works on a public holiday cannot benefit from a leave in lieu of his salary. This work must be paid in money. The employer may offer compensatory leave to a worker who works overtime during regular hours, with the exception of the statutory holiday. Working on public holidays is not considered overtime. Even if the employer uses the vacation work as a leave, he must pay the double salary to his employee. Non-payment of Eid overtime wages entitles the worker to compensation with justifiable dismissal. In this case, unpaid overtime may be charged with interest.
INCOME ADDED TO SENIORITY ALLOWANCE
Severance pay or bonuses paid for leave are also used in the severance pay account. If the above payments are made regularly on every public holiday, these payments are included in the worker’s total income and increase the compensation. Overtime pay is not taken into account. The important point here is that the holiday payment became permanent, not just once. Again, additional charges collected on holidays should be reported to SSI. This has a positive effect on the pension.
ROUTE AND ADVANCE STATUS
Expenses during vacations also increase. If the employer wishes, he can grant advances to his worker who goes on vacation to be deducted from his salary. On the other hand, those who combine annual leave and annual leave will also benefit from long holidays during this period. In this way, employees who do not work during the holidays and who go on annual leave also benefit from a right of passage and an advance. For example, the employee who takes 14 days annual leave should be paid in advance.
UP TO 4 DAYS
In addition, if the distance used by the worker for annual leave is far, a total of 4 days of circulation permit can be granted for departure and return. Depending on the distance at which the worker will spend the periods of paid annual leave, the circulation permit can be granted in less than 4 days. It all depends on when the worker can perform the departure and return. The 4-day period specified in the Labor Law is the maximum period of the circulation permit. The road license, which is determined as a maximum of 4 days, refers to the total road license used over a period of one year. In other words, 4 additional days of road leave are not granted each vacation period.