Erdogan visits Saudi Arabia – DW – 28.04.2022

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Washington PostThe two countries travel to Riyadh today to restore relations after the murder case opened in Istanbul regarding the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul 3.5 years ago was postponed to Saudi Arabia.

In the statement made by the Communications Directorate of the Presidency, it was pointed out that the visit took place at the invitation of King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia and said: “At the meetings that will be held in Within the framework of the visit, the Relations between Turkey and Saudi Arabia will be reviewed in all their aspects, opportunities for developing cooperation will be discussed, as well as an exchange of views on regional and international issues.

Relations between Turkey and Saudi Arabia, which had been poor since the Arab Spring, became even more strained after the killing of Khashoggi and Erdogan Washington Post “We also know well that the order to kill Khashoggi came from the highest authorities in the Saudi government,” he wrote in his November 3, 2018 article published in the newspaper. In the same article, Erdoğan pointed out that the Turkish authorities could not obtain information from the Saudi authorities in the context of the lawsuit filed in Istanbul.

Faced with these harsh statements, the Saudi side targeted Turkey with an embargo on agricultural and processed food products.

The process of normalizing Ankara-Riyadh relations

However, over the past two years, there have been signs of normalization in relations between Turkey and Saudi Arabia. In November 2020, a telephone conversation took place between Erdogan and King Salman of Saudi Arabia. Then, Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu visited Saudi Arabia in May 2021 after an interval of four years.

After the Khashoggi case was handed over, Saudi Arabia also ended the boycott of Turkish products. According to analysts, Turkey’s economic difficulties play an important role in the normalization of bilateral relations. In fact, yesterday, before Erdogan’s visit, Treasury and Finance Minister Nureddin Nabati had an online meeting with Saudi Finance Minister Mohammed Al-Jadaan.

In a statement on his Twitter account, Minister Nabati said: “We had an online meeting with the Minister of Finance of Saudi Arabia, Mr. Mohammed Al-Jadaan. We exchanged ideas in the areas of economy, trade and investment to improve cooperation between our countries.”

“Saudi Arabia provides financial resources to partner countries”

One of the senior researchers at the Germany-based Center for Middle East Studies CARPO, Dr. Sebastian Sons, questioning DW Turkish on the role of economic relations during Erdogan’s visit, said: “Saudi Arabia provides financial resources to countries it considers partners. We saw it in Egypt, in Sudan and finally in Lebanon after the tensions. It is not about aid or aid, but about investments. When you look at the activities of the Saudi Public Investment Fund, headed by Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman, you will see that it is the main source of Saudi investment abroad”. maintaining regime power and controlling other countries. A tool to make an impact. Saudi Arabia is looking to diversify its economic investments beyond oil and Turkey is a very attractive market. Turkey is actually for them a partner that makes a lot of sense to invest economically,” he replied.

Dr. Sebastien Fils Photo: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik eV

Transfer of the Khashoggi case to Saudi Arabia

In the case where the 26 defendants of the murder of Khashoggi on April 8 were tried by the 12th High Criminal Court in Istanbul, the Ministry of Justice accepted the request of Saudi Arabia and it was decided to transfer the dossier to the Saudis.

However, it was revealed that the head of Istanbul’s 12th High Criminal Court issued a notice of objection to the decision. In the commentary, the President of the Court said: “The reckless and brutal murder by the Saudi authorities against Jamal Khashoggi in our country is a great attack on the character of ‘competent city’ of our country, on the honor and the dignity of our state. believe that removing the red notice is inconsistent with societal value judgments such as justice, equality and honesty. Human rights defenders also reacted harshly to the transfer of the case.

DW, HS, HT

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