Turkey is preparing to leave 2019 with technological innovations and preparations for new projects, from communication to transport, from infrastructure to aviation, from cybersecurity to everyday life. Some measures taken will bear fruit in 2020.
According to information compiled by the AA correspondent, 2019 was the year of technological transformation in many fields.
Among the topics that marked this year”Turkey’s car“The car from Turkey, which was presented on December 27, not only fulfilled a 60-year-old dream, but also caught the world’s attention with its features.
The “C-SUV” and “Sedan” models of the car, in which President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan took part and tested, attracted great attention. The car, which stands out for its technology as well as its appearance, will offer 2 different battery options that offer a range of 300+ kilometers or 500+ kilometers. The Turkish car, which can reach 80% battery level in less than 30 minutes on a fast charge, has become the center of attention in many topics, from its digital infotainment screen covering all passengers to its software that can be updated from the Internet, from zero harmful gas emissions to its electric motor.
The car will complete acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h in just 4.8 seconds in the engine option that offers 400 horsepower.
With the introduction of the Turkish automobile, the IT Valley in Gebze, which is the largest technological development region in the country, was put into operation.
Countdown to native 5G
One of the challenges that marked 2019 was the first communication with the domestic 5G infrastructure as part of the “End-to-End Domestic and National 5G Communication Network Project”. Voice (Vo5G-Voice over 5G) and data exchange were provided for the first time on June 17, as part of the project, which continues with the cooperation of 16 companies and 3 member operators of the Cluster Technologies of the Communication (HTK) supported by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK).
HD quality video transfer and voice calls to existing mobile operators were carried out live over the 5G core network and other 5G network elements developed by HAVELSAN, i2i, TTG and Pavotek companies within the body of HTK . As part of the studies carried out, it is planned to start national and nationwide 5G trials in June next year.
Record interest for TEKNOFEST
Turkey’s largest technology meeting, Istanbul Aviation, Space and Technology Festival (TEKNOFEST Istanbul), was held at Atatürk Airport from September 17 to 22 this year. . The event, led by the Turkish Technology Team Foundation (T3 Foundation) and the Ministry of Industry and Technology, broke a record with 1 million 720,000 visitors and became “the biggest festival of aviation in the world”.
17,000,373 teams and 50,000 competitors took part in the event, where 19 technology competitions were held in 44 categories. Future technologies were also showcased in the organization which was attended by 122 countries and 81 provinces of Turkey. The festival will be held in Gaziantep next year.
Technological studies transferred to Antarctica
The 3rd National Scientific Expedition to Antarctica, which took place under the auspices of the Presidency, under the responsibility of the Ministry of Industry and Technology and under the coordination of the Polar Research and Application Center of Istanbul Technical University, was one of the developments that marked this year. Technological studies were carried out on the “white continent” by establishing a scientific research camp and a meteorological station in Antarctica, where various scientific studies were carried out. Work has also been initiated to establish the Polar Research Institute under TUBITAK.
The “cybershield” being strengthened
One of the major studies in technology this year was “cybersecurity” activities. As measures against the growing threat of cyberattacks were strengthened, a cybersecurity exercise was conducted under the coordination of the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure and the Information and Communications Technology Authority (BTK).
With the exercise, whose technical infrastructure and scenarios were fully prepared by the National Cyber Incident Response Center (USOM) within the BTK corps, cyber attack vulnerabilities and malware were detected through the scenarios. The “cybershield” has been reinforced against possible attacks that could affect many areas, from energy installations to financial institutions, from military units to communication infrastructures.
The number of services in e-government is increasing
Technological opportunities were also reflected in the services offered by e-government. While the number of services in e-Government, where 944 new services were integrated this year, reached 5 thousand 75, the number of users reached 44.6 million. The number of e-Government connections, which was 5,747 in 2008, reached 1.1 billion this year. In the field of e-government, 2,535 of the services are provided by public institutions, 2,000 88 by municipalities and 396 by private institutions. Others consist of services such as water and sanitation. The number of services is expected to increase further in 2020.
The tech-driven industry movement has begun
The localization of high value-added products has also been one of the important steps of the technology. The “Technology-Oriented Industry Displacement Program” was initiated by the Ministry of Industry and Technology together with the machinery sector. In the preliminary applications, which ended on December 6, nearly 200 applications with an investment amount of TL 5 billion were received. The call will be terminated in the first quarter of 2020, then new calls will be launched to cover other sectors.
4 other technoparks in operation
“Centers of Excellence Programs and Industrial Innovation Network Mechanisms” have been implemented to develop high-tech products in cooperation with the private sector and universities. This year, 244 R&D and design centers and 4 new technoparks were created. The number of R&D and design centers in Turkey increased to 1,572 and the number of technoparks to 85. The export earnings of 5,500 companies operating in technoparks reached $4.5 billion.
The Artificial Intelligence Institute on the way
Turkey has also taken important steps on the path of technological transformation. In this context, cooperation has been established to establish the Institute of Railway Transport Technology in partnership with TÜBİTAK and TCDD. The railway technologies that Turkey needs will be developed with national and national resources. While steps have been taken to create the Turkey Future Fund with a volume of 80 million euros to support technology-based initiatives, the button has been pressed for the Institute of Artificial Intelligence.
“National Technology Move” in the shadow of global developments
On the one hand, Turkey is intensifying its efforts for a rapid technological breakthrough, on the other hand, it is following the developments in the world. Studies are conducted from artificial intelligence to robotic systems, from smart city technologies to big data systems.
The reflections of the trade wars between the USA and China on technology are also closely followed.
The mutual sanctions decisions of the two countries remained on the agenda throughout the year. At the same time, the announcement of the withdrawal of support for software products originating in the United States from the mobile devices of the Chinese technology company Huawei was one of the developments that marked the year. After Google announced that it would withdraw Android software support from Huawei mobile devices, Intel and Qualcomm announced that they would end their cooperation with Huawei. The decisions taken are also expected to have an impact in 2020. In the shadow of these discussions, Turkey has accelerated the “National Technology Movement” for a breakthrough in domestic and national technologies.
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