May 3 is one of the important days in Turkish history and politics. It is very valuable to fully understand the idea of Turkism and knead it with the necessities of today. Today I will try to open a window on these events and on the principles of Turkism reflected in them today.
Looking at the process from the end of the 19th century to the establishment of the Republic of Turkey, some have contributed to the idea of Turkism. Ziya Gökalp, Gaspıralı İsmail Bey, Ahmet Ağaoğlu, Ahmet Vefik Paşa, Hamdullah Suphi, Yusuf Akçura, Yahya Kemal, Hüseyinzade Ali Bey and many other intellectuals played a role in shaping this thought. Undoubtedly, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk wanted to establish a state based on “Turkish heroism and Turkish high culture” on this land. Turkism was the common thread of Atatürk’s policy in politics, economy and social life. Institutions such as the Turkish Language Association and the Turkish Historical Society were built in this way. The Turkish world was gradually becoming an axis of foreign policy. However, with his death, these studies and research were almost abandoned.
May 3, 1944 is also related to the above developments with their causes and consequences.
As a reminder, Nihal Atsız wrote two harsh articles on Prime Minister Şükrü Saraçoğlu in Orhun Magazine. Sabahattin Ali, whose name is mentioned in the second article, opens a defamation lawsuit against Atsız after some time. On May 3, 1944, one of the trial days, a large crowd gathered in support of Nihal Atsız. Events unfold between the police and the rude, who parade from the courthouse to Ulus shouting slogans. Here, the day celebrated as “Day of the Turks” on May 3 every year, refers to this day.
In fact, this case was the first stage of the main case. 23 people, including Zeki Velidî Togan, Nihal Atsız, Alparslan Türkeş, Nejdet Sançar, Fethi Tevetoğlu, Reha Oğuz Türkan, Hüseyin Namık Orkun, were arrested and their first auditions only took place after 3.5 months! The court bases most of its claims on the events of May 3 and on the government declaration of May 8, 1944! Moreover, in the statements made at the top of the state at the time, negative messages were given about this case, which was not even heard of. “The discourse of racism/turanism was also the accusation that was made the most. The foreign policy priorities of this period are also effective in this!
In the words of Nejdet Sancar, who was tried in 1944, “This case…is a business creation case.” The sad thing is that Turkey has suffered a lot from political cases where the law was nearly killed in the past and paid the price.
When one remembers that the main accusation of this day was “racism/turanism”, the official meeting of the 7 Turkish Republics in the Organization of Turkish States today, of course, cannot be considered a historical coincidence. !
It should not be forgotten that the idea of Turkism still comes up against similar claims today. For this reason, it is possible to highlight the following 10 elements when the intellectual foundations of the past to the present and the accumulation it has created are examined apart from politics:
– Turkism is to elevate the Turkish nation in all areas and move it forward. A strong and wealthy state is essential for the nation to move forward. For this, it wants to be modern, innovative on root values, an inventiveness based on science and a synthesis that assimilates differences.
-Turkism aims at nationalization in all areas and rejects any form of foreign domination. Moral virtues such as love, respect, truthfulness, non-haram, solidarity and merit are the bedside sources of Turkism for the individual.
-Takes the linguistic question as a question of sovereignty and accepts it as one of the prerequisites for political sovereignty. Threats to the nation’s common and official language are first and foremost a national threat.
-Turkish history is seen as a chain, an inseparable movement since the emergence of the Turks on the stage of history.
The state channel of Turkism, filtered through this line of history, is a conscious democracy, an administration based on laws, an effective consultation which exercises popular domination, and a quick and just understanding of the administration which draws his strength.
Turkism builds a system of ideas based on the people and internalizing the feelings and values of the people. In this way, he fights against poverty and all kinds of class discrimination.
-Cannot be associated with racism; Because, on the contrary, the individuals who make up the society harmonize around the Turkish national culture, share the same effervescences, anxieties and values, and manifest the will to live under the roof of the Turkish nation, which constitutes the broad sense and ideal of Turkism.
– The torch of Turkism is the national culture and its attitude towards the diversity and wealth of the nation is very different from the thesis of “mosaicism”. It has a holistic approach based on individual freedom and interpersonal justice under the roof of the Turkish nation. It is to succeed in becoming an “all national”, which can be considered as the founding principle of the Republic of Turkey.
– Turkism aims to bring the physical, social and ecological environment to a cleaner and more advanced level. In line with this goal, he considers the love of forest and nature as the treasure of the country’s lands.
It advances the unity of the Turkish world for the purpose of cooperation in all fields. Turan is a red apple, and the slogan “Unity in language, in thought, in work” is the basic power mechanism of the Turkish Union cadre. It prioritizes strengthening the Turkic peoples in different geographical areas by living in freedom and prosperity. It aims at cooperation against dangers, and real solidarity in opportunities.
Perhaps we will one day have the opportunity to examine these subjects and the main sources on which they are based.