What is Technology? Benefits of Technology – Technology


Although there are many generally accepted definitions of technology in the international literature, this is the shortest definition. Technology; It is the name given to the applications of science to meet the needs of practical life or to man’s efforts to control, shape and modify his environment. In other words, technology is the knowledge and ability to manufacture or produce auxiliary tools and tools suitable for the needs of human beings. Technology is also information that covers production methods, tools, equipment, and implements related to a branch of industry.

Historical development of technology

The history of technology is the story of the invention of tools and techniques and is one of the categories of world history. Technology can refer to methods ranging from tools as simple as stone tools to complex genetic engineering and information technologies that have emerged since the 1980s. In this context, if we list the most important throughout human history;

  1. Invention of printing (1450) – With the first printing press invented by Johannes Gutenberg in 1450, printing accelerated and the concept of handwriting became historic. Thus, thanks to the printing press, more books were published and knowledge spread rapidly.
  2. Discovery of electricity (1746) – The discovery of electricity, one of the most important technological developments in history, led to countless social changes. Electricity is said to have been first discovered by Benjamin Franklin.
  3. Invention of the steam engine (1763) – With the invention of the steam engine which converts thermal energy into mechanical energy, industry suddenly developed as never before and the industrial revolution took place in Europe. In addition, there was a sharp increase in production.
  4. Invention of the vaccine (1796) – In 1796, Edward Jenner developed the first live viral vaccine, the smallpox vaccine. Thanks to this revolutionary development in medicine, many deadly diseases were prevented and people were protected from various viral infections.
  5. The invention of steel (1850) – Steel, one of the most widely used building materials today, was invented by Henry Bessemer in 1850. Steel, which is an alloy of iron and carbon, is used in many fields thanks to its flexible and durable structure.
  6. Invention of the telephone (1876) – With the invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell, communication spread to much larger areas.
  7. Invention of the airplane (1903) – Thanks to the invention of the airplane by the brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright in 1903, transportation was revolutionized and travel times were considerably shortened.
  8. Invention of the computer (1946) – With the invention of the ENIAC, which was the first computer capable of electronic data processing in 1946, many operations could be carried out much more easily and in a short time. Computers, which today are of great importance and are used in many fields, are among the most important technological novelties for mankind.
  9. Invention of the Internet (1969) The internet, which emerged with the development of computers, is one of today’s most important communication tools. Internet, whose most important feature is to facilitate access to information, is one of the greatest technological developments that creates unlimited possibilities in almost all fields.

Benefits of technology

  • Thanks to technology, people have had more comfortable living conditions and they have been able to do their jobs faster and more comfortably.
  • Thanks to the Internet, information from one end of the world is accessible in a few seconds.
  • Thanks to technological developments in the field of medicine, the human lifespan has increased.
  • It made education easier.
  • Information and ideas can be transmitted to large masses of people much more easily.

The harms of technology

  • population explosion
  • environmental problems
  • climate change
  • Problems caused by nuclear technologies

Today’s popular technologies

  • Unhackable Quantum Internet: The Internet, which has become increasingly vulnerable to hackers, will be virtually impossible to hack thanks to quantum mechanics.
  • Internet satellite constellations: Thanks to dozens of satellites sent into orbit at the same time, the whole world will be surrounded by high-speed Internet networks.
  • Quantum Supremacy: Quantum supremacy was first achieved with the processor named “Sycamore” developed by Google. Thus, it is possible to solve a problem that the fastest supercomputer in the world would take 10,000 years to solve in 200 seconds.
  • Anti-aging drugs: Thanks to drugs that slow down the natural aging process, a number of diseases such as cancer, heart disease and dementia can now be treated.
  • Personalized medicine: Many diseases that could not be cured before can be treated with the help of specially developed drugs.
  • Molecules discovered by artificial intelligence: Thanks to the drug components discovered by artificial intelligence, the time and costs required for the development of new drugs have been significantly reduced.

Popular Technology Trends

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Automation of robotic processes
  • Virtual reality and augmented reality
  • blockchain
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • natural language processing
  • autonomous vehicles
  • personalized and predictive medicine
  • Image processing
  • 5G data networks

What technologies will shape the future?

  • space tourism
  • tactile virtual reality
  • Portable screens
  • Fully driverless vehicles
  • holography
  • floating cities
  • fusion power
  • Organs and foods made in the laboratory
  • genetic modification
  • nanorobots

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