Income information for the 2021 Income and Living Conditions Survey results refers to the previous calendar year, 2020. In income calculations; household income is converted into equivalent household disposable income, taking into account the size and composition of the household.
According to the results of the latest research; The share of the 20% with the highest equivalised household disposable income in total income fell by 0.8 points compared to the previous year. falling to 46.7 percentthe share of the 20% with the lowest incomes increased by 0.2 points. rose to 6.1%.
GINI COEFFICIENT SHOULD BE 0.401
The Gini coefficient, which is one of the criteria of inequality of income distribution, expresses equality in income distribution when it approaches zero and deteriorates in income distribution when it approaches of one. According to the results of the latest research, the Gini coefficient was estimated at 0.401, with a decrease of 0.009 points compared to the previous year. The P80/P20 ratio, which is calculated as the ratio of the income of the 20% who receive the largest share of society’s income to the income of the 20% who receive the least share, ranges from 8.0 to 7.6, and the ratio of the highest income share to the P90/P10 10 percent, which is calculated as the ratio of income earned by flour to income earned by the lowest 10 percent the ratio went from 14.6 to 13.7.
AVERAGE ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME HAS RISEN BY 10.6 PER CENT
According to the results of the 2021 survey, the average annual household disposable income in Turkey increased by 10.6% and became 76,000,733 TL.
AVERAGE EQUIVALENT INDIVIDUAL ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME INCREASE OF 11.9 PERCENT
The average annual household disposable income in Turkey increased by 11.9% compared to the previous year, from 33,000,428 TL to 37,000,400 TL.
USABLE HOUSEHOLD INCOME WAS IN INDIVIDUAL HOUSEHOLDS
In the equivalent average annual household disposable income, the highest income was that of one-person households, with an increase of 6 thousand 585 TL compared to the previous year, with 49 thousand 297 TL. While the average annual equivalent disposable income of households composed of more than one person without nuclear family was 41 thousand 753 TL, this value was 38 thousand 159 in households composed of only one nuclear family. The household type with the lowest mean annual equivalised disposable income was 29,445 TL, with at least one nuclear family and other people.
THE HIGHEST SHARE OF TOTAL INCOME WAS RECORDED IN WAGE AND WAGE INCOME
Wage and salary income, which remained the same compared to the previous year, had the highest share in total income at 47.1%. While income from social transfers, which increased by 2.1 points compared to the previous year, occupied second place with 23.9%, third place went to income from entrepreneurs with 17.5%, which decreased by 0.2 point compared to the previous year.
The share of agricultural income in the income of entrepreneurs increased by 2.5 points compared to the previous year and rose to 23.4%, while the share of pensions for pensioners and widows-orphans in social transfers decreased by 1.7 points and rose to 90.0%.
HIGHEST AVERAGE ANNUAL WORK INCOME OF HIGHER EDUCATION GRADUATES
Average annual earnings from main job were calculated as 68 thousand 229 TL for graduates of higher education, 47 thousand 326 TL for graduates of high school and equivalent, 35 thousand 344 TL for those who did not complete their secondary education, 25 thousand 911 TL for those who have done it. not finish a school, and 19,000,835 TL for illiterate people. . Compared to the previous year, the largest increase in average annual income from the main job was observed among illiterate people with 18.2%, and the smallest increase among people who had not completed high school , with 7.6%.
THE GREATEST INCREASE IN AVERAGE BUSINESS INCOME IS IN AGRICULTURE
When the main business revenues are analyzed in terms of sectors; We saw that the highest average annual income was in the service sector with 51 thousand 173 TL, and the lowest average annual income was in the agricultural sector with 32 thousand 635 TL. Compared to the previous year; While the largest increase in average annual income from basic activities was observed in the agricultural sector with 29.2%, it was followed by the services sector with 11.2%. On the other hand, an increase of 6.1% in the industrial sector and 4.7% in the construction sector was observed.
EMPLOYERS WITH INCOME FROM LABOR 136 thousand 280 TL
The average annual earnings from the main job were calculated as 136 thousand 280 TL for employers, 46 thousand 846 TL for employees, 37 thousand 871 TL for self-employed and 18 thousand 006 TL for daily employees, respectively. Compared to the previous year, the highest increase was observed among the self-employed with 14.0% and the lowest increase among daily employees with 2.4%.
RELATIVE POVERTY RATE 14.4 PER CENT
Individuals whose income is below a certain ceiling according to the general level of society are considered relatively poor. According to the poverty line, which is determined by considering 50% of the median equivalised household disposable income, the poverty rate decreased by 0.6 percentage points to 14.4% in 2021. According to the poverty line, which is determined by considering 60% of the median income, the poverty rate decreased by 0.6 points last year to reach 21.3%.
According to the poverty line determined by considering 40% of the median equivalent household disposable income, the poverty rate was 8.5% with a drop of 0.4 percentage points compared to the previous year. According to the poverty line determined by considering 70% of the median income, the poverty rate fell to 28.7% with a drop of 0.3 percentage points compared to the previous year.
LOWEST INDIVIDUAL HOUSEHOLD POVERTY RATE
Considering the poverty rates calculated by considering 50% of the median equivalent household disposable income according to the type of household; The poverty rate in one-person households decreased by 4.4 points compared to the previous year and rose to 6.5%, and in households composed of more than one person without a nuclear family, it decreased by 0.4 points and rose to 9.1%. It was observed that the poverty rate of households composed of at least one nuclear family and other persons increased by 0.1 percentage point to 18.5%, while the poverty rate of households composed of a single nuclear family fell 0.3 points to 14.2%.
24.1 PERCENT OF UNLITERATES and 2.5 PERCENT OF TERTIARY EDUCATION GRADUATES ARE POOR
According to the poverty rate calculated by considering 50% of the median equivalised household income; 24.1% of illiterate people, 24.4% of those who did not complete their education, 13.8% of those who did not complete high school and 7.5% of those who graduated high school education or its equivalent was calculated as poor. Higher education graduates, on the other hand, had the lowest poverty rate at 2.5%.
MATERIAL DEFENSE RATE IS 27.2 PERCENT
Material deprivation, which refers to the state of financial distress; To be able to afford unforeseen expenses with the possession of a washing machine, a color television, a telephone and a car, to cover the expenses of a week’s vacation away from home, to pay the rent, mortgages and interest-bearing debts, eating meat, chicken, fish every other day, and meeting the need for heating the house It reflects the perception of households on the situation.
Severe material deprivation rate, defined as the proportion of those who do not meet at least four of the nine elements mentioned above; While it was 27.4% in 2020, it decreased by 0.2 points in the 2021 survey results and rose to 27.2%.
CONTINUED POVERTY RATE 13.8 PER CENT
The permanent poverty rate, calculated using four-year panel data, includes people who have been poor at 60% of the median equivalised household disposable income during the past year, as well as for at least two of the previous three years. Thus, according to the results of the 2021 survey, the permanent poverty rate increased by 0.1 percentage point compared to the previous year and rose to 13.8%.
PROPORTION OF PEOPLE LIVING IN HOUSING OF WHICH THEY OWN 57.5 PER CENT
While the rate of those who own a residential dwelling was calculated at 57.5% in 2021, with a drop of 0.3 points compared to the previous year, the rate of those who live in a dwelling rental was 26.8%, the rate for those living in dwellings was 1.2%, and the rate for those who did not live in their own home and did not pay rent was 14.6%.
THE MOST ENVIRONMENTAL HOUSING AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM WITHOUT HEATING
34.3% of the non-institutional population has a heating problem due to insulation, 33.9% has a leaky roof, damp walls, rotting window frames, etc. environmental problems, while 23.4% faced air pollution, environmental pollution or other environmental problems caused by traffic or industry.
63.7% of those with installments or debt
Compared to the previous year, the rate of those with debts or installments other than home purchases and housing expenses increased by 5.4 points to 63.7%. Although these payments did not place a burden on 6.6% of the population, they placed a heavy burden on 23.0%. 60.8% of households spend a week’s vacation away from home, 38.3% the cost of a meat, chicken or fish meal every other day, 33.4% unforeseen expenses, 20 .5% the heating of the house, 62.9% of them declared that they could not economically respond to the need to renew old furniture.