IranianConsidered one of the largest Turkish communities in Turkey with a population of over 2 million, the Turks of Kashkay are forced to accept a sedentary life under various pressures by preventing the centuries-old tradition of migration in order to be cut off from their culture.
In general, Fars, Kohgiluye and Buyer Ahmed, IsfahanThe Kaşkay Turks living on the plateaus of the provinces of , Cheharmahal-Bahtiari and Bushehr live mainly from animal husbandry and weaving.
Iranian The administration’s efforts to spread the Kashkay Turks to the cities and separate them from the Turkish culture in time did not yield any results. The population of Kashkay Turks in the country exceeds 2 million according to unofficial research. Although most of them live in cities, 10% of the population still maintains a nomadic culture.
IranianThe Kashkay Turks, who live a nomadic life in the highlands of the city of Shiraz in southern Turkey, migrate twice a year, in March and October. The Kashkai Turks, who live in the highlands of Shiraz in the summer, spend the winter in the plains of the Persian Gulf coast.
The Kaşkays, who belong to the Oghuz tribe of Turks, have been able to best preserve Turkish traditions and customs until today. The Qashqai people, who had a say in Iranian internal politics at certain times, were therefore considered a “potential danger” for the administration in Tehran. The Kaşkays, who could not be assimilated due to the continuation of the nomadic tradition, are forced to accept the sedentary life with the increasing pressures in recent years.
Since the pastures and forest lands are considered state property according to the Iranian legal system, the property documents called “Pervane Chera”, which were given to the Kashkay Turks in the area before the revolution, are not not considered sufficient legal documents. However, although the pastures and fertile lands around Fars and Isfahan province belong to the Kaşkayians for hundreds of years according to legal documents, the fact that the licenses of these lands have not been renewed by the The Natural Resources and Basin Management Organization of the Ministry of Agriculture in recent years has harmed the Kaşkays.
Their nomadic shelters and houses in the Padena countryside were destroyed
According to information received from local sources, the shelters and nomadic houses of the Turks of Kashkay in the rural area of Padena in the province of Isfahan were demolished by the National Resources Agency during Ramadan, under the pretext that they were not were “not allowed”. Kaskay Türkü Esger Selimi, who put the issue on the agenda, said: “During the month of Ramadan, shelters and nomadic houses of Kaşkayites were built beforehand in the town of Semirom. news We witnessed its destruction without even being given it to us.”
Stressing that the demolition of the houses in question has made life difficult for nomadic Turks in Kashkay, Selimi said: “The need for shelter for nomads is like a birth certificate and their life without shelter is unacceptable. used the sentences.
Attack on Kashkay Turks with stones and sticks
After that, on April 28, nomadic Turks from Kashkay were attacked by an unidentified group with stones and sticks near the village of Emirsalar in Meymend district of Fars province. In the attack Kaskay Turk Ali Haydari Tevelleli, 19, lost his life.
Kaşkay Türkü İmad Hazreti, one of the locals, who briefed the AA correspondent on the matter, said that in some areas efforts are being made to expel Kaşkay Turks from their ancestral lands under various pressures , and that migration routes have been blocked in some areas.
“The Kashkai migration routes are closed”
Stating that the demographics began to change in the areas where the Kashkay Turks lived from the Shah period, Hazrat said: “According to documents from the Shah period, especially in the city of Gençsaran, the population of Kaşkay, which was 85 percent, has now decreased to 40 percent.” mentioned.
Hazrat said citizens of Persian origin have settled around the densely populated Kashkay city of Firuzabad in recent years.
Stating that they were trying to change the demographic structure of the region, Hazrat Prophet pointed out that migration routes were blocked in order to detach the Kashkay Turks from their culture. he said.